The difference between various types of coffee beans and how to select the right one

Selecting the right coffee bean can be overwhelming with so many options. From different regions to various processing methods, there are several factors to consider when choosing a coffee bean. In this blog post, we’ll explore the differences between multiple types of coffee beans and how to select the right one.

1. Arabica vs. Robusta

Arabica and Robusta are the two most common types of coffee beans. Arabica beans are known for their complex flavours and aromas and are typically grown at higher altitudes. Robusta beans, on the other hand, have a stronger, more bitter flavour and are typically grown at lower altitudes. When selecting a coffee bean, consider the flavour profile you prefer, as well as the origin of the bean.

2. Single-Origin vs. Blend

Single-origin coffee beans come from a specific region, while blends combine beans from different areas. Single-origin beans are often more expensive but offer a unique flavour profile that reflects the characteristics of the region where they were grown. Blends, on the other hand, offer a more consistent flavour and are often less expensive.

3. Processing Method

The processing method used for coffee beans can significantly impact the flavour profile. There are three primary processing methods: washed, natural, and honey. Washed coffee beans have the fruit and mucilage removed before drying, resulting in a cleaner, full-bodied flavour. Natural coffee beans are dried with the fruit still intact, resulting in a fruity, flavour. Honey coffee beans are dried with some fruit intact, resulting in a sweeter, more complex taste.

4. Roast Level

The roast level of a coffee bean can also impact the flavour profile. Light roast coffee beans have a more acidic while dark roast beans have a more bitter, smoky flavour. Medium roast beans are a balance between the two.


When selecting a coffee bean, consider the factors mentioned above and experiment with different options to find the flavour profile you prefer. Look for information on the bean’s origin, processing method, and roast level to help guide your decision. Consider trying different brewing methods as well, as they can also impact the flavour of the coffee. You can find the perfect coffee bean to suit your taste with a little experimentation.